The Quick Reference Pages

If you are looking for quick facts on engineers try below. (See also Scientists)

Timeline         Reference Index

Arkwright, Richard
(1732-92) Pioneering millwright. Creator of the "model" village of Cromford in Derbyshire.
Bazalgette, Joseph  (1819-1891) Chief engineer to the Metropolitan Commission for Sewers in London whose plan for a new system to drain London was adopted following the 1858 Great Stink
Birch, Eugenius  (1818-1884) Engineer, famous for building seaside piers, including Blackpool North Pier opened in 1863.
Brindley, James
(1716 - 1772) Father of the modern canal.  Engineer of the Bridgewater Canal, Old Main Line Canal at Birmingham and several others.
Brunel, Isambard Kingdom  (1806-59) Civil Engineer responsible for numerous major projects including bridges and ships.
Cartwright, Edmund  (1743 - 1823) Patented the Power Loom in 1785 after visiting Arkwright's mill. Also produced a wool combing machine in 1790.
Crompton, Samuel  (1753 - 1827) Inventor of the Spinning Mule, which combined Arkwright's waterframe and Hargreaves's Spinning Jenny to mechanise the cotton industry.
Hargreaves, James
(1720-1778) Engineer and inventor of the Spinning Jenny, a device for spinning multiple threads from only one wheel. (patented 1770)

Jessop, William
(1745 - 1814) Civil engineer noted for work on  canals, harbours and early railways. Born in  Devonport, Devon, the son of a shipwright .  Jessop worked with John Smeaton for various canal schemes.  In 1790, he founded the Butterley Iron Works in Derbyshire with partner Benjamin Outram. They made cast-iron edge rails  - for work with flanged wheels in railways.

Works include: Calder and Hebble Navigation, Aire and Calder Navigation, Ure and Ripon Canal, Barnsley Canal, Dublin Grand Canal,  the Grand Junction Canal - later known as Grand Union Union Canal, Cromford Canal, the Nottingham Canal, overseer of the Ellesmere Canal, West India Docks,  Isle of Dogs Canal, Bristol floating harbour, Shoreham Harbour, Littlehampton Harbour.

Marconi, Guglielmo  Wireless engineer. Sent first Transatlantic wireless message in 1901. (The letter S repeatedly in Morse code)
Maudslay, Henry  (1771 - 1831) Precision engineer and machine tool maker. Inventor of the first bench micrometer capable of measuring to one ten thousandth of an inch.
Newcomen, Thomas  (1663-1729) Engineer from Dartmouth, Devon. Inventor of the world's first successful steam engine. Later adapted by James Watt to have reciprocal and rotating action. Newcomen's engines were used to pump water out of mines as well as to power factories.
Rennie, Sir John  (1761-1821) Scottish civil engineer responsible for (among other things)  the Kennet and Avon Canal & Lancaster Canal, much drainage work in the Lincolnshire Fens, East and West India Docks, Holyhead Harbour and Hull Docks.
Smeaton, John
(1724-1792) Civil engineer -often called the "father of civil engineering". Built many bridges, canals, harbours and lighthouses. Including Calder and Hebble Navigation, Birmingham and Fazeley Canal, Eddystone Lighthouse, Newark Viaduct, Banff harbour, Peterhead harbour, and improvements to Ramsgate harbour.  Founded the Society of Civil Engineers in 1771. 
Stephenson, George
(1781-1848) Known erroneously as the "father of the railways". He studied other engineers and made improvements to create a number of railway engines for collieries. Created the first successful flanged wheel railway vehicle
Stephenson, Robert
(1803-1859) Son of George Stephenson. Helped his father survey the Stockton to Darlington Railway.
Projects included: Britannia Bridge, Anglesey; High Level Bridge, Newcastle; Royal Birder Bridge, Berwick. Was MP for Whitby from 1847 until shortly before hisdeathin 1859.
Strutt, Jedediah
Tarbotton, Marriott Ogle
(1835-1887)  Tarbotton was responsible for several engineering projects in and around Nottingham, including replacing the Trent Bridge in 1871 and extending the water supply to the city. Designer of Papplewick Pumping Station He was the first municipal engineer to put public services such as gas and water pipes in subways under streets.
Telford, Thomas.   (1757-1834) Engineer . Responsible for many key projects throughout Britain including the modernisation and extension of the A5 trunk road to Holyhead, Anglesey, the New Main Line Canal through Birmingham and the Highland road system in Scotland.
Trevithick, Richard
(1771 - 1833) Engineer. Responsible for the first ever steam driven locomotive to haul a load on rails. He drove an engine and five wagons from Penydarren to Navigation, Abercynon carrying 70 men and 10 tons of iron.  The father of the modern railway. Pic
Watt, James  (1736 - 1819) Scientific instrument maker and member of the Lunar Society famous for adaptations of the Newcomen steam engine that made it reciprocal and rotating. Watt's engines were manufactured at the Soho Manufactory and powered much of the Industrial Revolution. Working engines can still be seen at a number of sites including Thinktank, Birmingham's science museum.