The History Anorak Timeline

1750 - 99

Timeline Index

Gray's "Elegy"

"Capability" Brown lays out Warwick Castle Grounds

Two earthquakes hit London

1750

Thomas Sheraton (furniture designer) born

Hogarth's "Gin Lane" produced

1751

John Nash born
1752
Gregorian calendar adopted

Lizard Lighthouse built

Benjamin Franklin flies his kite

British Museum founded

1753

Chippendale's "The Gentleman & Cabinet-maker's Director"

Capt William Bligh born

1754

Samuel Johnson's dictionary published

1755
Dyfi Furnace constructed
Start of Seven Years War

Black Hole of Calcutta

1756

William Blake born

Antonio Canova (sculptor) born

Robert Abbot born

1757
Thomas Telford born
Horatio Nelson born
1758


Halley's Comet appears

Jedediah Strutt patents ribbing machine for hosiery manufacture

Robert Burns born

William Wilberforce (social reformer) born

Robert Adam completes Harewood House

British Museum moves to London

Battle of Quebec

1759
Harrison's third chronometer

Accession George III

Kew Gardens opens

1760
Harrison's fourth chronometer (the watch)

Start of the Northumbrian lime industry

Sterne's "Tristram Shandy"

Osterley Park begun
1761
Bridgewater Canal opens

River Nene made navigable from King's Lynn to Northampton

Chinese pagoda built on the Kew estate

The birth of the sandwich

1762
Matthew Boulton founds the Soho Manufactory
End of the Seven Years War

1763

William Hogarth  dies
1764
Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny


1765
Watt devises the separate condenser

Wright's "The Orrery"

Christie's auctioneers founded.

1766
John Dalton born
Bath's Royal Crescent begun

1767

Capt. Cook's Voyage to the South Seas » 1771

Royal Academy founded

Wright's "The Air Pump"

Laurence Sterne dies

1768


1769
Watt's 1st patent

Venetian blinds patented in London

Arkwright's waterframe patented

1st stretch of James Brindley's Birmingham Canal opens

Wedgwood opens Etruria

William Wordsworth born

Beethoven born

Cook discovers Botany Bay

1770

Capt. Cook returns from South Seas

Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer"

Thomas Gray dies

1771
Richard Trevithick born

Henry Maudslay born

Arkwright's Cromford Mill opens
Samuel Taylor Coleridge born

Cook's second voyage starts » 1775

1772
James Brindley dies
Boston Tea Party

Cook reaches Antarctic


1773
Birmingham Assay Office opens

George III grants Derby the right to put a crown on its pottery >> 1890

1774
Priestley isolates Oxygen

Bingley Five Rise opens

Practical diving suit first demonstrated in the River Thames by Andrew Becker

Bath's Royal Crescent finished

JMW Turner born

Thomas Girtin (English artist) born

American War of Independence begins > 1783


Richard Brinsley Sheridan's "The Rivals"

Cook's second voyage ends » 1776

1775
Official adoption of the name "Lunar Society"
American Declaration of Independence - July 4

John Constable born

Gibbons "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire"

Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations"

Richard Brinsley Sheridan's "The School for Scandal"

Cook's third voyage starts » 1779

1776

Thomas Linley's "The Beggar's Opera"

1777

Thomas Arne dies (Rule Britannia)

Beau Brummel born

1778
Humphry Davy born


Cook killed in Hawaii
1779
Iron Bridge made at Coalbrookdale


Crompton's Spinning Mule

Osterley Park completed

1st Epsom Derby

1780
Watt patents copying press
American victory at Yorktown
1781
Watt patents rotary adaptor

William Herschel discovers uranus

Horseley Ironworks established

Fuseli's "The Nightmare"

John Sell Cotman born

Richard Wilson (Welsh painter) dies

1782
Luigi Galvani discovers "animal electricty"
American colonies recognised - end of American Revolution

"Capability" Brown dies

William West born

1783
Montgolfier Brothers launch hot air balloon
Samuel Johnson dies
 
East India Act

1784

1st edition of the Daily Universal Register » 1788

John James Audubon born

1785
Cartwright patents the power loom
Mozart's "Marriage of Figaro"

1786

William Etty born

1787

Byron born

Thomas Gainsborough dies

Regency Crisis

Daily Universal Register becomes The Times

First British convicts arrive in Port Jackson (Sydney, Australia)

1788
Gilbert White's "Natural History of Selborne"

Thomas Boulsover dies

French Revolution

Washington elected US President

Blake's "Songs of Innocence"

Mutiny on the Bounty

1789
Cartwright produces the wool combing machine
Culzean Castle completed
1790
Benjamin Franklin dies

Paine's "Rights of Man"

"The Observer" newspaper established

1791
Ordnance Survey established

Michael Faraday born

Charles Babbage born

Heage Windmill built
Percy Bysshe Shelley born

Robert Adam dies

Joshua Reynolds dies

Louvre opens as a public museum in Paris

Mary Wollestonecraft's "Rights of Women"

1792
Richard Arkwright dies
War with France
Louis XVI executed

1793


1794
John Smeaton dies

John Keats (poet) born

Admiralty issues daily lemon juice ration to the RN to eliminate scurvy

Thomas Carlyle born. (Scottish essayist and historian)

Ickworth House built

1795
Josiah Wedgwood dies

Nicholas Conte invents the "lead" pencil
Robert Burns dies
1796
Jenner's cowpox vaccination tested and smallpox vaccination discovered

Soho Foundry opens

Lune Aqueduct completed

Grand Junction Canal open as far as Blisworth

Joseph Wright of Derby dies

First £1 banknotes issued

1797

Malthus "Essay on Population"

Napoleon invades Egypt

1798
Beadnell harbour limekiln built
Napoleon appointed First Consul in France

Rosetta Stone found by Napoleon's troops

Stourbridge Bonded Warehouse begun

Eugene Delacroix (artist) born

Greene, King Brewery founded

Income Tax introduced in Britain

1799
William Withering dies