The History Anorak Timeline

1850-99

Timeline Index

Wm Wordsworth dies

Tennyson becomes Poet Laureate
1850
Peterborough Railway Bridge opens

Cast iron railway bridge opened in Newcastle

Britannia Bridge opens across Menai Straits

JMW Turner dies

John James Audubon dies

Saltaire construction begun

1851
Great Exhibition   

Isaac Singer produces the first sewing machine
Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

Great Western Royal Hotel opens in Paddington

Kew Waterlily House built

Augustus Pugin dies

1852
Physicist Henri Becquerel born
Vincent Van Gogh born

Levi Strauss sells jeans to US miners

Scarborough market hall opens

Salt's Mill opens at Saltaire

1853
Smallpox vaccination made compulsory
Crimean War » 1856
battles of Alma, Balaclava and Inkerman 
Charge of the Light Brigade

Florence Nightingale  arrives at Scutari

William West dies

1854
British Medical Association founded
Daily Telegraph founded

1855

Ellen Terry appears on stage for the 1st time

End of Crimean War

Oscar Wilde born

George Bernard Shaw born

Sigmund Freud born

1856

2nd Opium War

Indian Mutiny

Victoria and Albert Museum opens

"The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many Lands" published

1857
Great Western dismantled

Brunel's Tamar Bridge Opened
The Great Stink - London
1858
Netherton Tunnel opens

Delph "Nine" Locks reconstructed

Donati's Comet

John Stuart Mill's "On Liberty"

George Eliot's "Adam Bede"

Jerome K Jerome born

Arthur Conan Doyle born

1859
Darwin's "Origin of Species"

Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge opens at Saltash

I K Brunel dies
Abraham Lincoln made US president
1860
British Association for the Advancement of Science meets at Oxford

Henry Bessemer patents the converter to make steel from iron

Prince Albert dies 

Hawley Harvey Crippen born

1861
First horse-drawn trams in London

Daily weather forecasts begin

Henry David Thoreau dies

George Borrow's "Wild Wales"

John Merrick born

1862

Edvard Munch born » 1944

Henri Toulouse-Lautrec born

Tom King becomes the first world heavyweight boxing champion

1863
Runcorn Railway Bridge opens

Blackpool North Pier opens

Work starts on London Underground

Albert Memorial built

Leo Tolstoy's "War and Peace"

Eugene Delacroix (artist) dies

Poet John Clare dies in Northampton Asylum

1864

Diamonds discovered in South Africa

Ford Madox Brown's Work exhibited for the first time

Abraham Lincoln assassinated

Isabella Beeton dies

Joseph Paxton dies

1865
Scarborough Valley Bridge opens

Aberystwyth Pier opens
Beatrix Potter born

J W Penfold designs the red pillarbox

1866
Great Eastern lays the first transatlantic cable

Brighton West Pier built

Lime juice ration becomes a legal requirement in the merchant navy to fight scurvy

Rose's Lime Juice Cordial first produced by Lauchlan Rose

1867
First bicycle built

Nobel produces dynamite

Marie Curie born

Michael Faraday dies
Flogging in peacetime and transporation abolished

Last public execution outside Newgate Prison, London

Charles Rennie Mackintosh born (d.1928)
1868

Imprisonment for debt abolished
1869
Suez Canal opens

Cutty Sark launched

Periodic Table of the Elements devised

Charles Dickens dies

1st Dr Barnado's Home opens

1870
Loughborough gets its first public water supply
Stanley finds Livingstone

Bank Holidays introduced

Royal Albert Hall opens
1871
Souter Lighthouse built

Ernest Rutherford born
 (d.1937)

Charles Babbage dies
Aubrey Beardsley born

Piet Mondrian born (d. 1944)

Wm Heath Robinson born  (d.1944)

1872

Sir Edwin Landseer dies

Derby's first public swimming pool

Jules Verne's "Around the World in 80 Days"

1873
Colour photographs first developed

Horse-drawn tram system opens in Sheffield
Levi Strauss patents blue jeans
1874
Barbed wire invented by Joseph Glidden

Caudwell's Mill built
Hans Christian Andersen dies

Samuel Taylor Coleridge born

John Buchan born (d.1940  "39 Steps" "Prester John")

Capt Matthew Webb swins the English Channel

Bizet's "Carmen" first performed

1875
Anderton Boat Lift opens

London's sewer system completed

Excavation begins at Creswell Crags

Victoria proclaimed Empress of India

Mark Twain's "Adventures of Tom Sawyer"

Compulsory school attendance in the UK

Titus Salt dies

Custer's Last Stand

1876
Plimsoll Line introduced

Death of Samuel Plimsoll

Bell patents the telephone

Bissell patents the carpet sweeper

Queen Victoria becomes Empress of India
1877
Edison invents the phonograph

Fox Talbot dies
John Masefield born

Tchaikovsky's "Swan Lake"

Salvation Army named

Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore"

George Gilbert Scott dies

1878
Swan demonstrates the electric lightbulb

Downham Market clock erected

Invention of the microphone

Bournville construction begun
1879
Albert Einstein born (d.1955)

Forth Bridge (railway bridge) construction begins

Blackpool installs the world's first electric arc street lighting » 1897

George Eliot dies

1st Boer War

First cricket Test Match between England and Australia

Giles Gilbert Scott born (d.1960)

Jacob Epstein (sculptor) born
(d.1959)

Start of Arts and Crafts Movement

1880
First street lighting in New York
Thomas Carlyle dies (Scottish essayist and historian)

Pablo Picasso born. (d.1973)

Mary Seacole dies

Ernest Bevin born (d. 1951 WWII politician introduced "Bevin Boys" miners)

1881
Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, London

Eric Gill (sculptor) born
(d.1942)

1882
Charles Darwin dies

Fitzgerald dies

Edouard Manet (painter) dies

Stevenson's "Treasure Island"

Matthew Webb dies

1883
Brighton West Pier extended

First skyscraper built (10 storeys) in Chicago

The Great English Earthquake
1884
Gregor Mendel dies

Edwin A Abbott's "Flatland"

Papplewick Pumping Station opens

Eugenius Birch dies
General Gordon dies at Khartoum

Gilbert and Sullivan's "The Mikado"
1885
Louis Pasteur dies
Thomas Hardy's "Mayor of Casterbridge"

Statue of Liberty dedicated

1886
Thomas Burrow's apology

Clarence Birdseye, inventor of the deep-freeze process, born
Victoria's Golden Jubilee

LS Lowry born » 1976

Wightwick Manor, Wolverhampton built

Rupert Brooke born in Rugby, Warwickshire.(d.1915)

Sherlock Homes first appears in "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle

Bloody Sunday (Demonstration in Trafalgar Sq for the release of Irish Nationalist William O'Brien. Dispersed by police)

1887
Esperanto international language invented

Barnes Wallis born in Ripley, Derbyshire. Inventor of the "bouncing bomb" (d.1979)

Coal Mines Regulation Act prevents boys under 13 working below ground
De Beers Consolidated Mines established at Kimberley, South Africa

Jack the Ripper murders

Port Sunlight begun

Financial Times first published

Edward Lear dies

1888
John Boyd Dunlop patents the pneumatic tyre

Electric chair first used in New York

George Eastman introduces the Kodak box camera
Jerome's "Three Men in a Boat" 

Federal laws introduced in the US to protect the buffalo
1889
Southend Pier built

Paris Exhibition - Eiffel Tower completed

Igor Sikorsky - helicopter pioneer - born

Institution of Electrical Engineers founded
Vincent Van Gogh commits suicide

Queen Victoria grants Crown Derby the right to add "Royal" to its name

John Merrick dies

Massacre at Wounded Knee

1890
First moving pictures shown in New York

Forth Bridge opens
Oscar Wilde publishes "The Portrait of Dorian Gray"


1891
Zips invented

Conan Doyle's "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes"

J R R Tolkien born (d. 1973)

Walt Whitman dies

Thomas Cook (Travel agent) dies

Liverpool University's Victoria Building completed

1892
Bridgnorth Funicular Railway opens

John William Alcock born. (d.1919 Alcock and Brown were the first to fly non-stop across the Atlantic - 1919)
Beatrix Potter's "Peter Rabbit"

Edvard Munch's "The Scream"

Ford Madox Brown dies

New Zealand gives women the vote

Sheffield granted city staus

Wilfred Owen born in Oswestry, Shropshire (d. 1918)
1893

Henry Ford's first automobile produced

1894
Tower Bridge, London completed

Blackpool Tower opens

Marconi's first radio message
National Trust founded

H G Wells's "The Time Machine"
1895
T.H Huxley dies

Rontgen discovers X rays

William Morris dies

Sir John Everett Millais dies

Dante Gabriel Rossetti dies

Daily Mail newspaper founded

Kew Gardens employs women gardeners for the first time

1896
Aberystwyth Cliff Railway opens

Nobel Prizes first announced >> 1901
Tate Gallery opens in London
1897
Blackpool's first illuminations

Discovery of the electron

Edward Burne-Jones dies
1898
Samuel Plimsoll dies

Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Liverpool University opens the world's first School of Tropical Medicine

UK's first speeding fine imposed in Northampton
Noel Coward born (d. 1973)

Ernest Hemingway born (d. 1961)

L Frank Baum's "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz"

Bassett's Liquorice Allsorts "invented"

Start of Boer War
1899
Aspirin registered as a trade mark

Brighton Pier opens


Electric trams introduced in Sheffield